English Language Teachers’ Teaching Beliefs and Classroom Practice of Teaching Grammar

JEMBATAN MERAH || Jurnal Ilmiah Pengajaran Bahasa dan Sastra
Volume 20 || Desember 2019 || ISSN: 1907-1779
Penerbit : Balai Bahasa Jawa Timur

Penulis  : Hertiki
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Abstract: Grammar is an important component of language. There are many issues in relation to teaching and learning of it. Teachers can adopt different techniques in teaching grammar which students are unaware of. This research is intended to find out the teachers’ beliefs in teaching grammar and how those beliefs were applied in class. In this study, the teachers’ teaching process in the classroom were videotaped and observed. The research instrument of qualitative is being applied. It was a non-participant observation. Recording of classroom activities had been done with caution as it might affect the classroom’s teaching and learning process. Based on the result of the research, some distinction has been found between the teachers’ stated beliefs and actual classroom practice. Most of the divergences were error correction and the integration skills. Teacher’s stress level and knowledge were other significant factors. The contribution of this research towards teaching is that it showed the importance of teachers’ professional development, especially during the first few years of the teachers’ teaching endeavor. Furthermore, professional development would make teachers become more aware of their teaching beliefs so that they are able to find ways to apply their beliefs in their teaching context. It is important to make them realize the importance of synchronizing beliefs and actions. Suggestions for further research of teachers’ beliefs in teaching grammar, hopefully, there would be research about teachers beliefs in various other contexts such as in the public schools, secondary, or tertiary level.
Keywords: English language, teachers’ belief, teaching grammar

Abstrak: Tata bahasa merupakan komponen yang penting dalam pembelajaran bahasa. Saat ini terdapat banyak problem yang berkaitan dengan pembelajaran tata bahasa. Guru dapat menggunakan berbagai macam teknik dalam pengajaran tata bahasa terhadap siswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apa yang diyakini guru dalam mengajarkan tata bahasa dan bagaimana keyakinan itu diterapkan di dalam kelas. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif dan non-partisipan observasi dimana proses pembelajaran di dalam kelas direkam dan diamati. Rekaman kegiatan di dalam kelas juga harus dilakukan dengan sangat hati-hati karena dapat memengaruhi proses belajar mengajar di kelas. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah adanya perbedaan antara apa yang diyakini guru dengan praktik di kelas, sebagai contoh: pembetulan kesalahan dan integrasi kemampuan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menunjukkan betapa pentingnya pengembangan profesionalitas guru. Pengembangan profesionalitas guru dapat membuat guru menjadi lebih sadar dalam menerapkan keyakinan mereka dalam konteks pengajaran di kelas. Hal ini membuat mereka menyadari pentingnya sinkronisasi antara keyakinan dan tindakan.
Kata kunci: bahasa Inggris, keyakinan guru Bahasa Inggris, pengajaran tata bahasa