EFFECTIVENESS OF AUDIO VISUAL MEDIA IN SHAKE HANDS CONDITIONING PROGRAM FOR EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION

ICETA 8 || 8th International Conference on Educational Technology of Adi Buana Surabaya
29 Oktober 2016 || ISBN: 978-979-8559-98-3
Penerbit : University of PGRI Adi Buana Surabaya

Penulis  : Achmadi
PDF VERSI CETAK/ASLI

Abstract

When the children entry into the kindergarten, many children who have difficulties for following the conditioning program. For example some children who always cry when going into the classroom. Many children who ask to their parent should be stay with them  in their class. There are  many children who do not shaken  hands when they meet with their teacher. There are many children don’t care or don’t want to conduct  with each others. Whereas  to make the attitudes or good behaviour through the  conditioning program for early childhood is always be done every day.

Base on this situation so conditioning programs is needed to be examined. One of them is the using of the audio visual media for shake hands . The aim of this study is for familiarize the children to do shake hands properly for anyone who found them. Through  some examples for  shaking hands in audiovisual impressions, so the children will be able to carry out this coditioning program for shake hands with automatically and precisely. As for indicators of shaking hands automatically and precisely in this conditioning program is:

  1. The children shake hands with their teacher or their friends without being asked
  2. The children shake hands with good attitude and properly
  3. The children shake hands with utterance of the greeting properly

This research uses quasi experiment one group design with  pre test – post test’s  pattern.  The gathering data uses  the performance test and observation, to know the attitude of the children while shaking hands. The methods of  data analysis is used by statistic  t-test .

The results of this research is showed that learning with audio visual impressions  can be seen, it can be replicated, it can be felt and could be heard  that is very effective to improve the  conditioning program. The effectiveness of this program: during audiovisual impressions are : the children could sit  for long times (about 15 minutes). They always pay attention with carefully (high concentration), as well as  interact and  respond automatically to the material impressions.

Keywords: Conditioning Program, Audio visual Media

 

INTRODUCTION

The Kindergarten  conducts the Conditioning programs  to develop the life skills (soft and hard skill) for early children . The goalsof this program are to develop: (1) the ability to love himself,  tounderstand ,to  accept, and to direct by himself (2) the ability to love each others through to cooperate and to collaborate,to help, and to empathetic

By developing  the conditioning program  is expected that the  children who has 4-5 years old,  already has the ability to behave well. For example the child already has the abilities : 1)  To shake hands and to say the greetting correctly. 2.) To Gives and to asks for helping properly when they have the problems. 3). Always implemented the rules that are desided by the school  leader, or the teachers. 4) To  interact socially with their friends smothly . But the facts in the field that some  children who has  4 – 5 years old still do not have the capability with optimally of them. One of the courses  isless precise to establish  the behavior for early childhood. For examples are: (1)  using learning media is notvariation. Teachers only use learning media image as an example forgood or bed behavior (2) the example of  behavior  that is given by Teachers  is difficult to  earned by the children haerdly. The children can understand  it to require quite a long time (3)the learning  behavior  is usingmuch in verbal  issues, so  the children are lack of understanding  about behavior(4) lack of supporting from the real examples to behave. For example  when the  children behave at home , they never got the reward or punishment  from the people around them .  Because of that the children  when they are at school also behave same think. Based the problems above , so one possible solution is to implement  conditioning program with the using  audio visual media. Because this medium can be seen,can be heard, can be felt, and can be imitated by the children.

 

MATERIAL AND METHODOLOGY

  1. Material:

Conditioning program, especially about  the attitude of shake hands.

The audio visual media is  about the some examples of  shake hands behavior will be presented  by the audio visual impressions  for early  childhood  .

  1. Research methodology

This research uses quasi experiment one group design with  pre test – post test’s  pattern. The gathering data uses  the performance test and observation, to know the  children’s  attitude while shaking hands. The analysis data is used by statistic  t-test.

The design in this research is the treatment by one group of samples.  The research design can be described as follows:   O1   à   X   à  O2

Description:

O1 = Pre test.   By observing the children’s shake hands behavior before giving treatment.

X = Treatment (learning about the conditioning program by using the  audio visual impressions)

O2 = Post test.  By asking the children to show an example shake hands’s  behavior after giving treatmen through  the audio visual impressions.

The Implementation of the research is conducted since October, 2015 until January 2016 (4 months)

The subject  in this study is the early childhood that came from 34 children it consists of 14 men and 20 women.

The collecting data is used  by performance test and observation. Data Analysis

In this study  is used by statistical analysis test T.

 

C. DISCUSSION

  1. The discussion of the Conditioning Programe

The formation of attitudes and behaviors process that are settle relatively and  automatically is done in the learning process repeatedly. These  activities are called the conditioning programs .The conditioning  program can be implemented in : regular activity, spontaneous,  be schedule , and  good model . In this study the author focuses on the conditioning program for “shake hands” on a regular activity,  be schedule , and  good model . The Regular activity means  the activities are conducted regularly and continuously in the school.The implementation be schedule  means the activities that be undertaken gradually and adapted  with schedule has been concluded. The good model  means the teacher performed shake hands  to others, which can be used as an example for the children .

The impression of audio visual  consist of  some good examples of shaking hands,it always be done routinely, be schedule , and  good model  . For example, When the child behaves  not precisely ,the teacher will guide him as like as  the impression material in Audio visual. Eventually the child can understand and want to change his attitude. Indeed there are some children who are advised and showen  some examples good behavior  based on audio visual impressions . But the other hand some student  still can not change their attitudes. For example, when  the  children shake hands with their teacher, the children does not to look at  their eyes, They just looked at a glance away. They do not want to kiss the teacher’s hands, when they  kiss the teacher’s hands very quickly. Some children want to say greetings  briefly, for example “Assalam”. For these children need to be reminded  and given examples as well as  the materil of the audio visual impressions . This step  is to change or to refine for the improving of conditioning program (especially  shake hands attitude). Both the contents of the audio visual impressions and the conditioning program (shaking hands)  are very effective  to perform and to change the child’s behaviour . According to  Campbell  opinion (2005) If the child has good attitude or behaviour positively, then the teacher should  give reinforcement immediately, so is called  behavior modification . Conversely when the child brings out the inappropriate attitude, so the teacher should also guide immediately in order to changes the child’s  attitude. This strategy  usually can  reduce the excessive behavior. For example, when the child  meets with his friends he does not shake hands.If he asked to shake hands, he even run away, or without interest, or scornful. The child behaved like this, he need to be reminded  in order to the child want to shake hands with courtesy and good behavior (changing attitude).

Conditioning activities through audio visual impressions  is as well as a method of instruction technique learning (instructional technique). This method is done by giving instructions or orders  specificaly and concretely  about the desired behavior. When  the child learns by whatching the following audio visual impressions (how to shake hands good and perfectly), it’s means this method of instruction learning techniqueis applied. For example, the child is asked to sit with a neat and politely  while paying attention to the audio visual impressions, but there are some children who sat with the  irreverent position, even they mean to her friends, they covered the  other friends ‘s view, so the teachers must remind ( give instruction). For that the children need to be  reminded in order to the sitting position very good and polite, and also they are not  mean to their friends. This Instruction can function to correct the wrong attitude, and to teach new behaviors correctly and politely. So audio visual impressions can streamline  the result for the conditioning program  particular “attitude of shake hands” for early childhood.

 

  1. Discussion of Media Audio Visual impressions

According to Heinich, Molenda, Rusel,  in (2010:290) the word “media” is defined as the type of components in the environment students, it can serve to stimulate  the  learning  student. The definition of  the media leads to something that deliver or forward information (messages) or the subject matter between the source and the receiver, i.e., between the teacher and the student.  In this research , the learning media  referred to  the audio visual impression  which is used to satreamline for conditioning program  in particular the attitude of shaking hands. The material or the contents of the audio visual impression consist of  the examples of shake hands attitude that is true and vary good . As for the indicators that shake hands is good and true in this study are: 1). the child stucks his right hand to shake hands,  2). The face forward to the people who were invited to shake hands, 3). Standing position and silent  while shaking hands, 4) Say  a greeting with the ords clear and perfectly. For example “Assalamalaikum Warohmatullohi wabarokatuh”. The results of this conditioning program   that impacts form audio visual impression is indeed effective and significant. For 8 times learning conducting with Audio Visual impressions, most (30 children)  from ( 34 children as sampled in this study) they can already do shake hands properly. When the meet their teachers, they want to carry out shaking hands automatically . But when they met with his friends, some of them  still  willing to carry out shaking hands, and some of them are  unwilling to shake hands.Finally, most of  them can already do shake hands with a good attitude and politely. The shake hands with good position , the body was the strapping, silent, look at the face , kissed the hands, and say greetings with precision. Result of  observation about shake hands’ attitude  between before and after the children learn by using  media of  audio visual impressions is quite difference .When into the classroom some children don’t want to shake hands with the teacher, but now they always accustome to shaking hands. Originally the children want to shake hands must be reminded, but now they’ve not  be reminded again.  While shaking hands they do not to kiss the teaher’shands ,but now they accustome to kiss teacher’s hands. Originallythey are not say the greetings, now  they always say the greetings with the words correctly. Even thought  when the ending to learn or to go home, the student always ask for shaking hands with their teachers. The Media of Audio visual immersion is premiered 1 times a week countinously for 2  months. While the other  days is used to  observe and to give guidance to the children who have bad attitude of shaking hands. Beside that, The teacher also gives reinforcement to the child who has to do positively. For example, children want to shake hands, want to kiss teacher’s hands, want to pronounce the greeting with the right and good words . Indeed there are still children (4 children of 34 children) who have seen the audio visual impressions, but they have not been right in doing the shaking hands.Because they are the handicapped children or special need children. Eventhought, they also always follow the activities of learning with audio visual impressions, but the results and his attitude while shaking hands is still insufficient. One day they want to shake hands, but  they can not shake hands  correctly. Some time they do want to shake hands,  but the other times they don’t want to,  even they ran , play, and do something in accordance with their joyfull. By the time the children shake hands, they are not saying a greeting and do not want to kiss teacher’s hand. The reason is  the children can not memorized  greeting words. When they say greetings, they do not  perfectly. Teacher’s aid is already given but the children still does not want to do.

In this research study showed that using the media audio visual impressions  very helpful for recovery the children’s problems that occurred in conditioning program.  In these case has also  benefits as well as:

1) Learning by using Audio visual impressions  media will better attract to the  children attention , so it can be to cultivate the motivation of children learning. Because of this media makes the children happy to see with fun, the voice that can be heard with great attention, and make the studens easy to imitate what they saw.

2) Learning materials in the  audio visual impressions is some examples how to behave well and shake hands properly, so the student  are very easy  to be understood. Because this material is designed  accordance with the carecteristics, temperaments, as well as the child’s immediate environment everyday.

3) Audio Visual Impressions is a learning  method  that is varieties, so the students are not easily bored. The learning methods as the playing game, telling story, as well as writing tasks usually are used in education for early childhood.  With using Audio visual impressions  is a new style   as variaties of learning metdhod  for early childhood education.

4)Most children  do more learning activities, as well as thought and physical activities . Because of the audio visual impressions  presents  that are not just listen to the teachers’s explanation, but they also perform other activities such as observing, emulating  behavior,  and  demonstrating  skills.

According to Piaget’s stages about thesteps of children development, that the learning instruction for early childhood is still need the real media. So, the children are willing and able to learn because of the  observation activities, listening, and doing  as real examples.  The Early childhood has not been able to think abstractly but they are still sensory issues  ( namely : learn through to observing, hearing, tactile, kissing, and feelings).

 

  1. The discussion of the research results

Following a discussion  about the results of the research that came from  34 children as sample by using  t-test analys. The results can be described in the following table:

Table 1: Result of pre tes and post tes

 

NO

 

ASPEC

RESULT OF

PRE TEST

RESULT OF

POST TES

Point Total the children Point Total the children
1. Willing to shake hands 4 1 4 17
3 11 3 16
2 21 2
1 1 1 1
2. Forward and kiss hand 4 4 4
3 10 3 21
2 21 2 8
1 3 1 1
3. Say good greatting 4 4 6
3 6 3 23
2 24 2 3
1 4 1 2

 

The results of the analysis are as follows:

  1. Most studens (33 students) are willing to shake hands. When they meet their teacher or their friends, now they always shake hands appropriately. Just one student does not willing to shake hands to the others. Because he is a handicapped child
  2. Some students (25 students) have good behavior while the shake hands . They are shake hands with face to face position and they kiss the hands softness
  3. Now most students (29 students) can say greatting perfectly. When they shake hands, they always say “Assalamualaikumwarohmatullohiwabarokatuh”.

Furthermore  Particularly the three aspects above  shows  very effective and beneficial to ful fill the shake hands program. When the children who has not goodattitude, after seeing theaudio visual impressions  about the examples of the behavior for shaking hands , they can change the shaking handsattitude with good as expected. From various discussion above shows that the “Audio visual media is highly effective and very helpful to  success” shake hands ” in the conditioning programsfor early childhood”.

 

D. CONCLUSIONS AND SUGGESTIONS

Conclusion

Based on the results of the research and the discussion it can be conclusioned as follows.

  1. Audiovisual media is very effective used as a reperation attitude or behavior for early childhood
  2. Audiovisual media that can be seen, be heard, as well as emulated can be used in conditioning program for improvementthe behavior for early childhood.
  3. Conditioning program for early childhood especially good shake hands and perfectly is very effective when implemented by “seing, hearing, noting, and performing”.

Advicies

  1. The using of the audiovisual media for learning by early childhood isstill less to be used, because the requirement of audio visual facilities are very expensive. For that the early hildhood’steacher  who already have the audiovisual media need to practice how to use it.
  2. Another material of conditioning program can be developed by using another audiovisual emersion..

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The writing of this article was partially supported by my leader mis Aisyah. She always gives some suggestion for me about the ideas as well as the material in this article. I wish to thank this supporters in this confrence. I also particulary thank to Dr. Suhari Dean of Faculty of Education, PGRI ADI BUANA Surabaya University  that supports me to register in this international conference.

 

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